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        首頁 » 新聞中心 » 翻譯雜談 » 《臺灣問題與新時代中國統一事業》白皮書 重要表述及術語英語翻譯參考摘自中國翻譯協會
        《臺灣問題與新時代中國統一事業》白皮書 重要表述及術語英語翻譯參考摘自中國翻譯協會
        www.devillord.net 2023-09-20 11:32 上海翻譯
         

        2022810日,國務院臺灣事務辦公室、國務院新聞辦公室發表《臺灣問題與新時代中國統一事業》白皮書,進一步重申臺灣是中國的一部分的事實和現狀,展現中國共產黨和中國人民追求祖國統一的堅定意志和堅強決心,闡述中國共產黨和中國政府在新時代推進實現祖國統一的立場和政策。目前,該書英文版已由中國外文局所屬外文出版社出版,法、俄、西、阿、德、日文版將陸續出版。中國外文局翻譯院、外文出版社梳理重要表述和相關術語,形成漢英對照。本刊轉載,供業界及相關人士參考。

         

        實現祖國完全統一是中華民族偉大復興的必然要求

        Complete reunification is critical to national rejuvenation

        國家發展進步引領兩岸關系發展方向

        National development and progress set the direction of cross-Straits relations

        堅持“和平統一、一國兩制”基本方針 Uphold the basic principles of peaceful reunification and One Country, Two Systems

        兩岸同胞共享民族復興的偉大榮光

        Both sides of the Taiwan Straits will share the triumph of national rejuvenation

        解決臺灣問題、實現祖國完全統一,是全體中華兒女的共同愿望,是實現中華民族偉大復興的必然要求,是中國共產黨矢志不渝的歷史任務。中國共產黨、中國政府和中國人民為此進行了長期不懈的努力。

        Resolving the Taiwan question and realizing China's complete reunification is a shared aspiration of all the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation. It is indispensable for the realization of China's rejuvenation. It is also a historic mission of the Communist Party of China (CPC). The CPC, the Chinese government, and the Chinese people have striven for decades to achieve this goal.

        中國共產黨團結帶領全國各族人民長期奮斗,如期全面建成小康社會、實現第一個百年奮斗目標,開啟全面建設社會主義現代化國家、向第二個百年奮斗目標進軍新征程口中華民族迎來了從站起來、富起來 到強起來的偉大飛躍,實現中華民族偉大復興進入了不可逆轉的歷史進程。這是中國統一大業新的歷史方位。

        The CPC has united the Chinese people and led them in fulfilling the First Centenary Goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects as scheduled, and in embarking on a new journey towards the Second Centenary Goal of building China into a modern socialist country. The Chinese nation has achieved a historic transformation from standing upright to becoming prosperous and growing in strength, and national rejuvenation is driven by an unstoppable force. This marks a new starting point for reunification.

        一個中國原則是國際社會的普遍共識,是遵守國際關系基本準則的應有之義。

        The one-China principle represents the universal consensus of the international community; it is consistent with the basic norms of international relations.

        世界上只有一個中國,臺灣是中國的一部分的歷史事實和法理事實不容置疑,臺灣從來不是一個國家而是中國的一部分的地位不容改變,任何歪曲事實、否定和挑戰一個中國原則的行徑都將以失敗告終。

        We are one China, and Taiwan is part of China. This is an indisputable fact supported by history and the law. Taiwan has never been a state; its status as part of China is unalterable. Any attempt to distort these facts and dispute or deny the one-China principle will end in failure.

        中國共產黨始終致力于為中國人民謀幸福、為中華民族謀復興。

        The CPC has always been dedicated to working for the wellbeing of the Chinese people and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

        中國共產黨始終是中國人民和中華民族的主心骨,是民族復興、國家統一的堅強領導核心。

        The CPC has always been the spine of the Chinese nation, exercising strong leadership in realizing national rejuvenation and reunification.

        《中美建交公報》:美利堅合眾國政府承認中國的立場,即只有一個中國,臺灣是中國的一部分;美利堅合眾國政府承認中華人民共和國政府是中國的唯一合法政府。在此范圍內,美國人民將同臺灣人民保持文化、商務和其他非官方關系。

        China-US Joint Communique on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations: "The Government of the United States of America acknowledges the Chinese position that there is but one China and Taiwan is part of China." It also states: "The United States of America recognizes the Government of the People's Republic of China as the sole legal government of China. Within this context, the people of the United States will maintain cultural, commercial and other unofficial relations with the people of Taiwan; "

        《中華人民共和國憲法》:臺灣是中華人 民共和國的神圣領土的一部分。完成統一祖國的大業是包括臺灣同胞在內的全中國人民的神圣職責。

        Constitution of the People's Republic of China: "Taiwan is part of the sacred territory of the People's Republic of China. It is the inviolable duty of all Chinese people, including our compatriots in Taiwan, to accomplish the great task of reunifying the motherland."

        《中華人民共和國國家安全法》:中國的主權和領土完整不容侵犯和分割,維護國家主權、統一和領土完整是包括港澳同胞和臺灣同胞在內的全中國人民的共同義務。

        National Security Law: "The sovereignty and territorial integrity of China brook no violation or separation. Safeguarding national sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity is the common duty of all Chinese citizens, including Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan compatriots.''

        臺灣自古是中國的神圣領土

        Taiwan has been an integral part of China's territory since ancient times.

        臺灣是包括2300萬臺灣同胞在內的全體中國人民的臺灣,中國人民捍衛國家主權和領土完整、維護中華民族根本利益的決心不可動搖、意志堅如磐石,這是挫敗一切臺獨分裂圖謀的根本力量。

        Taiwan belongs to all the Chinese people, including the 23 million Taiwan compatriots. The Chinese people are firm in their resolve and have a deep commitment to safeguarding China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation, and this resolve and commitment will frustrate any attempt to divide the country.

        以和平方式實現祖國統一,最符合包括臺灣同胞在內的中華民族整體利益,最有利于中國的長期穩定發展,是中國共產黨和中國政府解決臺灣問題的第一選擇。

        National reunification by peaceful means is the first choice of the CPC and the Chinese government in resolving the Taiwan question, as it best serves the interests of the Chinese nation as a whole, including our compatriots in Taiwan, and it works best for the long-term stability and development of China.

        在民族復興的新征程上,中國共產黨和中國政府統籌中華民族偉大復興戰略全局和世界百年未有之大變局,深入貫徹新時代中國共產黨解決臺灣問題的總體方略和對臺大政方針,扎實推動兩岸關系和平發展、融合發展,堅定推進祖國統一進程。

        Taking into consideration the overall goal of national rejuvenation in the context of global change on a scale unseen in a century, the CPC and the Chinese government have continued to follow the CPC's fundamental guidelines on the Taiwan question and implement its principles and policies towards Taiwan, and have made concrete efforts to promote peaceful cross-Straits relations, integrate the development of the two sides, and work towards national reunification.

        兩岸關系和平發展、融合發展是通向和平統一的重要途徑,是造福兩岸同胞的康莊大道,需要凝聚兩岸同胞力量共同推進。我們要在兩岸關系和平發展進程中深化兩岸融合發展,密切兩岸交流合作,拉緊兩岸情感紐帶和利益聯結,增強兩岸同胞對中華文化和中華民族的認 同,鑄牢兩岸命運共同體意識,厚植祖國和平統一的基礎。

        Peaceful cross-Straits relations and integrated development pave the way for reunification and serve to benefit our people on both sides. Thus, both sides should work together towards this goal. We will extend integrated development, increase exchanges and cooperation, strengthen bonds, and expand common interests in the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations. In this way, we will all identify more closely with the Chinese culture and Chinese nation, and heighten the sense of our shared future. This lays solid foundations for peaceful reunification.

        兩岸同胞血脈相連、命運與共。

        The people separated by the Taiwan Straits share the same blood and a common destiny.

        實現兩岸和平統一,不僅是中華民族和中國人民之福,也是國際社會和世界人民之福。中國的統一,不會損害任何國家的正當利益包括其在臺灣的經濟利益,只會給各國帶來更多發展機遇,只會給亞太地區和世界繁榮穩定注入更多正能量,只會為構建人類命運共同體、為世界和平發展和人類進步事業作出更大貢獻。

        Peaceful cross-Straits reunification is of benefit not only to the Chinese nation, but to all peoples and the international community as a whole. The reunification of China will not harm the legitimate interests of any other country, including any economic interests they might have in Taiwan. On the contrary, it will bring more development opportunities to all countries; it will create more positive momentum for prosperity and stability in the Asia-Pacific and the rest of the world; it will contribute more to building a global community of shared future, promoting world peace and development, and propelling human progress.

        具有五千多年文明史的中華民族創造了震古爍今的燦爛文化,對人類社會發展進步作出了重大貢獻。在經歷了近代以來從屈辱走向奮起、從落伍走向崛起的百年滄桑之后,中華民族迎來了大發展大作為的時代,邁出了走向偉大復興的鏗鏘步伐。

        Over its 5,000-year history, China has created a splendid culture that has shone throughout the world from past times to present, and has made an enormous contribution to human society. After a century of suffering and hardship, the nation has overcome humiliation, emerged from backwardness, and embraced boundless development opportunities. Now, it is striding towards the goal of national rejuvenation.

         

        《臺灣問題與新時代中國統一事業》

        The Taiwan Question and China's Reunification in the New Era

        《臺灣問題與中國的統一》

        The Taiwan Question and Reunification of China

        《一個中國的原則與臺灣問題》

        The One-China Principle and the Taiwan Issue

        《臨海水土志》

        Seaboard Geographic Gazetteer

        《開羅宣言》Cairo Declaration

        《波茨坦公告》Potsdam Proclamation

        《舊金山和約》Treaty of San Francisco

        《反分裂國家法》Anti-Secession Law

        《海峽兩岸經濟合作框架協議》

        (cross-Straits) Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement

        《告臺灣同胞書》

        Message to Compatriots in Taiwan

        《聯合國憲章》

        Charter of the United Nations

        《聯合國家宣言》

        Declaration by United Nations

        和平統一、一國兩制” peaceful reunification and One Country, Two Systems

        臺獨” "Taiwan independence"; moves to separate Taiwan; separatist activities in Taiwan; secessionist attempts to divide the country; attempts to split our country

        臺獨分裂勢力

        "Taiwan independence" secessionist forces; separatist forces seeking "Taiwan independence”; Taiwan separatists; separatist elements

        以臺制華”exploit/use Taiwan to contain

        China; exploit Taiwan as a convenient tool

        九二共識 1992 Consensus

        新兩國論” a new "two states" theory

        去中國化” "de-sinicization''

        漸進臺獨” "Incremental independence"

        急獨勢力 radical separatists

        修憲修法

        amendments to the “constitution" and Taws"

        一中一臺 ” "one China, one Taiwan"

        一個國家,兩種制度

        One Country, Two Systems

        挾洋謀獨沒有出路

        Relying on external forces will achieve nothing for Taiwan's separatists.

        反中亂港”(分子)anti-China agitators both inside and outside Hong Kong

        臺灣牌

        use Taiwan as a pawn (against China)

        全面直接雙向三通” overall direct two-way links in mail, business and transport

        統則強、分必亂 Unification brings strength while division leads to chaos.

        海峽兩岸融合發展示范區a pilot zone for integrated cross-Straits development

        兩岸一家親 People on both sides of the Taiwan Straits are of the same family.

        促統 fight against any force that would divide the country, and pool strengths to advance national reunification

        鋼少氣多力克鋼多氣少

        defeat a powerful and well-armed enemy through gallantry and tenacity

        臺灣問題 the Taiwan question

        臺灣當局 the Taiwan authorities

        祖國完全統一、祖國統一

        China's complete reunification; complete national reunification; the complete reunification of the country; national reunification

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